Austria

Summary

    Title: 
    Austria
    Capital: 
    Vienna
    Population: 
    8.662.588
    Gross Domestic Product (in billion EUR) : 
    € 438,84
    Total land area (km2): 
    83.858 km2
    Passenger cars: 
    4.641.000
    Highway (km): 
    1.720 km
    Gross Domestic Product Capita (in EUR): 
    € 50.659

    Country details

    Austria’s comprehensive transport plan sets quantitative objectives to 2025 which include reducing transport emissions of CO2, PM2,5 and NOX, increasing the share of freight transported by rail and increasing the use of public transport and electric cars. However, Austria does not have a comprehensive sustainable fuel outlook. In 2012 the federal government adopted a national implementation plan “Electromobility in and from Austria” which specifies 65 measures for promoting clean vehicles and sustainable transport. Austria’s understanding of electromobility is deliberately broad, covering various propulsion technologies, and ranging from already well-electrified public transport over duty vehicles and cars to bikes. Promoting electromobility from a transport perspective is seen akin to promoting changes in mobility behaviour as such.

    2015 in Austria saw a very dynamic e-bicycle market with Austrian manufacturer KTM Fahrrad GmbH stating that e-bicycles already contribute half of their annual revenues.

    New registrations of BEVs in 2015 increased by 30.9% in 2014. The PHEV market experienced two-and-a-half-times as many new registrations of PHEV (+ 153%) compared to the previous year. The beginning of 2016 was marked by a reform in company car taxation with significant benefits for zero-emission vehicles so that the BEV and FCEV numbers are expected to pick up over 2016.

     

    The introduction of sustainable fuels is promoted by various ministries at national level as well as supporting programmes at the regional and incentives at the local levels. Supporting activities range from research and development promotion over tax incentives and focused purchase incentives to broader mobility management measures as well as dedicated support for start-ups.

    National-level contacts

    Institution

    Short description

    Webpage

    Contact person

    Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology

    Responsible for general transport policy as well as R&D and implementation support for alternative fuels

    Develops National Policy Framework for 2014/94

    www.bmvit.gv.at

    Hans-Jürgen Salmhofer, Executive Department Mobility Change and Decarbonisation

    Federal Ministry for Sustainability and Tourism

    Responsible for purchase incentives and mobility management support

    www.bmnt.gv.at

    Robert Thaler, Department IV / 2, Clean Mobility Juergen Streitner, Department VI / 1, Energy Policy and Energy-Intensive Industries

     

       

     

    AustriaTech – Federal Agency for Technological Measures Ltd.

    Supports the Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT), e.g. in the field of Electromobility

    www.austriatech.at

    Thomas Eberhard

    A3PS – Austrian Agency for Alternative Propulsion Systems

    Public-Private-Partnership of Transport Ministry and automotive sector

    www.a3ps.at

    Wolfgang Kriegler, Managing Director

    AEA – Austrian Energy Agency

    Supports the Environment Ministry in implementing the Austrian climate protection initiative klimaaktiv mobility

    www.energyagency.at

    Willy Raimund, Center Mobility & Transport

    Environment Agency Austria

    Sustainable fuels in transport market outlook

    www.umweltbundesamt.at

    Guenther Lichtblau, Transport & Noise

    AMP – Austrian Mobile Power

    Industry platform to promote electromobility in Austria

    www.austrian-mobile-power.at

    Heimo Aichmaier, Managing Director

    BEÖ – Austrian Association for Electromobility

    Regional Utility Platform for the promotion of electromobility

    www.beoe.at

    Juergen Halasz, Chairman

    BiEM – Austrian initiative for Electromobility

    SME initiative for the promotion of electromobility

    www.biem.at

    Helmut-Klaus Schimany, Chairman

     

    Links:

    PEV (M1) market share in Austria

    Show data table

    PEV (M1) new registrations in Austria

    Show data table

    Top 5 bestselling PEV models (M1) in Austria

    Show data table

    CNG (M1) market share in Austria

    Show data table

    CNG (M1) new registrations in Austria

    Show data table

    Country incentives Austria

    Incentive category Description
    Purchase Subsidies

    Private customers:
    - 4.000 Euro per BEV (2.500 from the federal government; 1.500 additional rebate by the industry)
    - 1.500 Euro per PHEV (750 by the federal government; 750 additional rebate by industry)
    - 2 additional conditions: Purchase price not over 50.000 Euro incl. VAT & minimum electrical range of 40 kilometers (for PHEVs)

    Businesses, municipalities
    - 3.000 Euro per BEV (1.500 from the federal government; 1.500 additional rebate by the industry)
    - 1.500 Euro per PHEV (750 by the federal government; 750 additional rebate by industry)
    - No additional conditions

    Additional funding (private businesses) for L1 + L3 category, co-financed by the 2wheelers-industry (375 Euro each – total 750 Euro)
    Additional funding for other vehicle categories, buses, LDV, HDV for businesses (up to 60.000 Euro)

    Registration Tax Benefits

      Registration tax (Normverbrauchsabgabe): All cars below 90g/km are tax-free

    Ownership Tax Benefits

    BEVs are 100% tax-exempt from all relevant federal taxes, except VAT:
    - Circulation tax (motorbezogene Versicherungssteuer): The tax is calculated on the basis of the engine’s horsepower. PHEV's have to pay only for the ICE part.

    Company Tax Benefits

    The in-kind benefits for the private usage of company cars is taxed with 0% (formerly 18%). PHEV's remain at 18%.
    Cars > 130 g/km were raised to 24% (the treshold comes down 3 g/km every year until 2020).

    VAT Benefits

    Company BEV's are exempt from VAT (eligible for pre-tax deduction).

    Local Incentives

    - Free Parking: Several bigger cities have already exemptions from parking charges in place

    The Austrian automobile club ÖAMTC publishes the incentives granted by local authorities on its website (www.oeamtc.at/elektrofahrzeuge).