Gross Domestic Product (in billion EUR) : 
    € 513,66
    Total land area (km2): 
    323.802 km2
    Passenger cars: 
    Highway (km): 
    194 km
    Gross Domestic Product Capita (in EUR): 
    € 98.895

    Country details

    Norway is leading the way for the transition to zero emission electric cars. In 2015, electric vehicles had a 22 % market share in Norway. This is first and foremost due to a substantial package of incentives developed to promote zero emission cars.

    Charging infrastructure

    The European Clean Power for Transport directive recommends that there should be one public available charging point for every 10 electric cars by 2020. With an increasing market share from 22% in 2015 to 30% in 2020, the Norwegian EV population may by 2020 reach 250.000. This shows that there should be around 25.000 public charging points available by 2020. In 2015 there were only approximately 1.350 charging points complying with EU standards.

    For longer distance trips, a well-organized charging network has to be in place. Even if EV owners are charging at home and manage without fast charging on a daily basis, they think it is important to have the option to fast charge when needed. They are also willing to pay a higher price for the service of fast charging. On average, three times more than they pay for electricity at home. The Norwegian Government has launched a program to finance the establishment of at least two multi standard fast charging stations every 50 km on all main roads in Norway by 2017.

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    PEV (M1) market share in Norway

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    PEV (M1) new registrations in Norway

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    CNG (M1) market share in Norway

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    Country incentives Norway

    Incentive category Description
    Registration Tax Benefits

    Purchase Tax exemption for BEV's/FCEV's, reduction for PHEV's (Up to 10.000€)

    Ownership Tax Benefits

    Tax reduction

    Company Tax Benefits

    Tax reduction

    VAT Benefits

    No VAT tax (BEV / FCEV)

    Other Financial Benefits

    No import Tax - Purchase tax/import tax is the same in Norway.

    Local Incentives

    - Urban toll exemption
    - Highway toll exemption
    - Free Parking
    - Bus lane use
    - Funding in some cities for normal charging stations in shared appartment buildings, shopping centers, parking garages etc.

    Infrastructure Incentives

    Public funding for fast charging stations every 50 km on main roads.

    Incentives info

    Since the early 1990’s the incentive program have been gradually introduced by a broad coalition of different political parties.

    The zero emissions incentives include:

    • No purchase/import taxes (1990)
    • Exemption from 25% VAT on purchase (2001)
    • Low annual road tax (1996)
    • No charges on toll roads or ferries (1997 and 2009)
    • Free municipal parking (1999)
    • Access to bus lanes (2005)
    • 50 % reduced company car tax (2000)
    • Exemption from 25% VAT on leasing (2015)

    The incentive program will be revised and adjusted parallel with the market development in coming years. The tax incentives will stay in place to 2018 and then be revised. From 2017 the local governments will decide the incentives such as access to buss lanes and free municipal parking. Free toll roads will probably be replaced with a new system with differentiated prices depending on CO2 and NOx emissions.

    The overall signal from the majority of political parties is that it should always be economically beneficial to choose zero and low emission cars over high emission cars. This is obtained with the “polluter pays principle” in the car tax system. High taxes for high emission cars and lower taxes for low and zero emission cars. Introducing taxes on polluting cars can finance incentives for zero emission cars without any loss in revenues.